Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being at all ages is essential to sustainable development.
Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality, but working towards achieving the target of less than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births by 2030 would require improvements in skilled delivery care.
Achieving the target of reducing premature deaths due to incommunicable diseases by 1/3 by the year 2030 would also require more efficient technologies for clean fuel use during cooking and education on the risks of tobacco.
Many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues. By focusing on providing more efficient funding of health systems, improved sanitation and hygiene, increased access to physicians and more tips on ways to reduce ambient pollution, significant progress can be made in helping to save the lives of millions.
THIS GOAL AND ARCHITECTURE
Most people spend the majority of their life indoors, making indoor climate an influential factor of health.
Building design must enable a healthy in-door climate concerning light, acoustics, air quality and exposure to radiation and degassing. This is important in all buildings, but especially so in buildings with vulnerable users, such as hospitals. Building design must further avoid the use of environmentally hazardous materials and substances. Furthermore, transmission of diseases and illnesses often happens within the built environment, which means that building-design and the layout of settlements and urban areas are crucial to curb the spreading of diseases and exposure to bacteria.
Infrastructure, health institutions and urban areas affect citizens’ access to exercise. Buildings, settlements and urban areas must therefore be planned so that they allow and encourage physical activity. Urban layout also influences the risk of accidents, for example in traffic, and this can be addressed through design as well.
Simply put, architecture plays a crucial part in creating a built environment that supports good health and well-being. Examples vary greatly and can be found in housing that reduces the risk of its residents being infected with malaria, in patient-community buildings and in the design of workout equipment for public parks.