Public space is like an open space, that induces the communication among the users. It has several alternatives: can walk freely, having each one the right of going and coming, of practicing activities, whether it be leisure, or sporting, of improving the physical and mental health, becoming better the quality of life of the people among many others.
This space returns to the Antiquity, in Greece, with the creation of “Agora” the first space of policy discussion among the citizens of Athens, that gives rise to the democracy, before taking any decision of the government’s authorities.
These open spaces had been transforming themselves along the centuries through the urbanization of the cities.
The specificities of these spaces at current epoch are different from culture to culture on the several regions of the world. They can be symbols of power, of divisions of social classes, but at the same time they can be converging spaces. For example, the element water, the presence of green, musical shows serve the attraction for people to settle on these spaces.
Some technological innovations were brought to these open spaces in this twenty-first century, through the laiser, that take several colored lights and transformed themselves at night.
The final aim is to promote the well-being of all people providing the personal and collective interaction as much physical as psychological.
SUBJECT: PUBLIC SPACES
INTRODUCTION: Maria José Gomes Feitosa
01. THE WATER AS CONDUCTOR OF THE SPACE
ANGOLA – Belarmino Luvita Barros dos Santos
“Rio Seco green network”
KENYA – Florence Nyole and Annabel Nyole
“Revitalizing African Cities: Empowering Communities to Create Safe, Green and Creative Space”
Moderator: Shahab Ghani Khan
02. RETHINKING THE SPACE
BOLIVIA – Jorge Sainz Cardona/Vania Calle Quispe
“Communal Public Spaces: The Intinerant Fairs (Qhatu) In the of “EL Alto” (video)
CHINA – Hua Li/Li Xui Xui
“Emergence of the “informal” Public Space in the Chinese City” (video)
PAKISTAN – Shahab Ghani Khan and Soha Macktoom
“Rethinking Public Spaces in Karachi”
Moderator: Rui Leão
03. THE ENVIRONMENT ALLIED TO PUBLIC SPACES
TURKEY – Deniz Incedayi/Selcen Coskun
“A discussion on the sustainability of the heritage values a modern public space Taksim Square in Istambul”
Moderator: Florence Nyole
04. THE INNOVATION GOING INTO THE PUBLIC SPACES
CHINA – Thomas Chung
“The relationship of public space face to contemporary Rural – urban development in Hong Kong”
MACAU – Rui Leão
“Using infrastructure development to create the public realm and reconcile the scale of the old city: 2 cases of transportation projects for the Barra district in Macau”
Moderator: Belarmino Luvita dos Santos
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Maria José Gomes Feitosa